Teaching Tools

Evidence-based strategies, techniques, and guidelines to support student learning

Improving Student Learning from Lecture

Improving Student Learning from Lecture

Research has shown that extensive lecturing is on average less effective than other modes of instruction (Freeman et al., 2014; Wieman, 2014). But learning from lectures can be improved. Research in the learning sciences has identified potential weaknesses in the lecture-learning process Read more ...

Research-based Guidelines for using FLASHCARDS to support learning

Research-based Guidelines for using FLASHCARDS to support learning

Flashcards can be an effective way to structure retrieval practice and support student learning. Many college students use flashcards as a learning tool, but not always effectively. Based on research, these guidelines recommend how to make high quality flashcards and Read more ...

Using WORKED EXAMPLES to Promote Robust Learning

Using WORKED EXAMPLES to Promote Robust Learning

A worked example consists of a problem statement and then a detailed explanation of the solution. Worked examples are a routine feature in subjects where problem solving is a prominent goal, such as mathematics, sciences and other technical subjects. But Read more ...

Using SPACED PRACTICE to Promote Robust Learning

Using SPACED PRACTICE to Promote Robust Learning

Spaced practice (AKA distributed practice) is a study schedule in which students spread out their study activities over time. For example, in a spaced practice schedule, a student might study five hours for an exam, but do so in five, Read more ...

Using EXPLANATION to Promote Robust Learning during Lecture

Using EXPLANATION to Promote Robust Learning during Lecture

As a learning activity, the act of explaining involves articulating the meaning of a concept, idea, solution or other type of subject matter to oneself or another person. As one scholar notes, trying to explain, can be a potent learning process Read more ...

Using PRACTICE TESTING to promote learning

Using PRACTICE TESTING to promote learning

Practice testing, also known as retrieval practice, is a potent learning strategy. Dozens of studies have demonstrated that practice tests, quizzes, embedded questions, and self-tests can improve student learning substantially. However, their effectiveness depends on how these techniques are used. Read more ...